Amphetamines are a group of synthetic psychoactive drugs called central nervous system stimulants. The collective group of amphetamines includes amphetamine, dextroamphetamine and methamphetamine.
Medications containing amphetamines are prescribed for narcolepsy, Parkinson’s disease, obesity, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Prescription names for these medications include Adderall®, Dexedrine©, DextroStat® and Desoxyn®.
If you or a loved one are one of the estimated 13 million Americans who use amphetamines without medical supervision and have become dependent on the drug, call recoveryas.com today at 1 (877) 968-6283 to speak with a knowledgeable addiction specialist. They will match you with a substance abuse rehab that will start you on the road to a clean and sober life.
Amphetamines are powerful psycho-motor stimulants, like cocaine. All psychomotor stimulants produce wakefulness, increased activity and decreased appetite. They also increase the activity of the autonomic nervous system, which controls the iris of the eye and the smooth-muscle actions in the body that are outside of a person’s willful control, such as heart rate. In humans, these drugs also produce feelings of euphoria, well-being and self-confidence.
The medications in the group of amphetamines go by many slang names. Common street names for amphetamine include bennies, black beauties, copilots, eye-openers, lid poppers, pep pills, speed, uppers, wake-ups and white crosses. Street dextroamphetamines are called dexies while methamphetamine is known as chalk, chris, crank, cristy, crystal, crystal meth, go, go-fast, meth, speed, and zip.The combination of amphetamines and barbiturates is called goofballs and a mix of methamphetamine and heroin is known as speedballs.
Amphetamines are nicknamed speed or uppers because of the burst of energy they provide. Abusers do not feel the need to sleep or eat when they are using. Users are usually talkative and may be aggressive and paranoid, even at an early stage of use.
How does amphetamine work?
In medical use, there is controversy about whether the benefits of amphetamines prescribed for ADHD and weight loss outweigh the drug’s harmful side effects. There is agreement, however, that prescription amphetamines are successful in treating narcolepsy. Look-alike drugs, which imitate the effects of amphetamines and contain substances legally available over-the-counter include caffeine, ephedrine and phenylpropanolamine.
Amphetamine and methamphetamine pills can be ingested orally, crushed and snorted, dissolved in water and injected or smoked. “Glass” and “ice” (pure methamphetamine, which look like clear crystalline rock) are most often smoked in a glass pipe, allowing for quick absorption into the
bloodstream without the risks of injecting the drug. Crystal, the powder form of methamphetamines, is consumed orally, injected or inhaled.
When nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are activated by amphetamine, the mental focus, the ability to stay awake and the ability to concentrate is improved, which is helpful for those with hyperactivity disorders or narcolepsy.
Although the physiological experience of using amphetamines and cocaine is almost identical, the effects of amphetamines can last several hours whereas the effects of cocaine generally last less than one hour. When mixed with alcohol or other drugs, the effects of prescription amphetamines are enhanced. The onset of effects from injecting methamphetamines occurs immediately. When this drug is snorted, effects occur within 3 to 5 minutes; when ingested orally, effects occur within 15 to 20 minutes.
How addictive is amphetamine?
Between two and four million children have been diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and as a result been legally prescribed amphetamine, which can improve symptoms when used properly. When prescription amphetamines are taken orally and in low doses, drug abuse and addiction are not a serious risk. However, drug addiction becomes a risk when prescription amphetamines are consumed at doses higher than those prescribed for medical treatment. All forms of methamphetamine are highly addictive and toxic.
Abuse of amphetamines, which can lead to tolerance and physical and psychological dependence, is characterized by consuming increasingly higher dosages and by the “binge and crash” cycle, when users attempt to maintain their high by overindulging in these drugs. When binge episodes end, the abuser “crashes” and is left with severe depression, anxiety, extreme fatigue and a craving for more drugs. Soon they need amphetamines just to get through an ordinary day.
In the meantime, the drugs do serious psychological and physical damage. The chronic abuse of amphetamine and methamphetamine is characterized by violent and erratic behavior, as well as a psychosis similar to schizophrenia, that can involve paranoia, picking at the skin and auditory/visual hallucinations.
Amphetamine overdose is fairly common and often fatal, which is probably due to abusers’ ever-increasing need for more and more of the drug (tolerance.) When abusers try to overcome their tolerance by escalating their use, they overdo it and overdose.
Amphetamines can cause fatal damage to users’ mental and physical health. One of the most troubling effects of amphetamine abuse is the addiction itself, which can be life-altering.
Learn how to overcome your dependence on amphetamine by contacting the compassionate addiction specialists at recoveryas.com. We understand the difficulties in finding the right treatment program for someone suffering from addiction. Give us a toll-free call at 1 (877) 968-6283 today and we’ll match you with a specialized drug rehabilitation facility that will get you or a loved one on the road to sobriety.
Recoveryas.com will never charge you a fee for our placement services.